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Effectiveness of Labour Recruitment Regulation for the Protection of Human Rights for the Kenyan Migrant Domestic Workers

Labour migration is a trend that has gained a lot of traction with the increased relations and interdependence between nations at all levels. In a similar manner, there is an increment in cases of abuse of the basic rights of migrant workers. In extreme cases, abuses amount to trafficking in persons, forced or compulsory labour among other human rights violations that even lead to death continues to be registered amongst migrant workers. As this occurs, loopholes exist in labour laws, failing to address gaps within the responsibilities of recruitment agencies and employers and as such provide space for abuse and forced labour for the migrant workers. Labour mobility remains an integral part of the intercountry cooperation and exchange of goods and services all that are building blocks towards accomplishment of SDGs and the Agenda 2030. Therefore, it is very timely and beneficial to establish gaps in the labour regulation process, such as within the labour legislation, registration, licensing, and monitoring process, identify enforcement challenges, and the government interventions necessary for the labour recruitment in safeguarding the human rights of the migrant workers, especially in a time where Kenyans are migrating a lot for work. Neoclassical economics and the dual labour market (DLM) theories guided this study. Descriptive and inferential research methodologies were used. A target population of 153 people was drawn from the National Employment Authority (NEA), Ministry of Foreign and Diaspora Affairs (MFA) and Ministry of Labour (MoL). Key Informant interview guides and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the research data and analysis done by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The study found out that that there was a positive significant and strong linear relationship between statutory requirements and upholding human rights of Kenyan migrant domestic workers. It was evident that the inter-ministerial and inter organisational coordination is very weak and there is policy incoherence and thus there is inefficiencies in the regulation of labour recruitment process. Additionally, the labour regulation enforcement process remains very important factor in safeguarding and upholding the human rights of Kenyan migrant worker. In conclusion, there is a need for a comprehensive approach that recognizes the rights of all workers and promotes their social and economic empowerment. The study therefore recommended strengthening labour recruitment regulations protection of human rights for the Kenyan migrant domestic workers.

Human Rights, Immigrant Domestic Workers, Forced Labour, Labour Migration, Recruitment Agencies

Grace Njambi Kimani, Weldon Ng’eno. (2023). Effectiveness of Labour Recruitment Regulation for the Protection of Human Rights for the Kenyan Migrant Domestic Workers. Journal of Public Policy and Administration, 7(2), 88-97.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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