Journal of Public Policy and Administration

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Policy Outcome and Policy Impact: An Appraisal of Government’s Road Infrastructure Development Policy in Osun State, Nigeria (2020 – 2022)

Received: 20 July 2023    Accepted: 11 August 2023    Published: 28 August 2023
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Abstract

The standard expectation of citizens is that their governments will make on their behalf, rational choices that will serve the purpose of government. In politics, voters and governments are expected to make choices that will in the minimum, satisfy their best interest. In this regard, when voters elect a government, such governments seek to have broad policies on issues of public interest in order to guide prioritisation of government programmes, since interests of voters are diverse. The decision of the Osun State government to construct a flyover bridge in Osogbo the state capital in 2021, generated strong criticisms immediately it was announced. The flyover bridge was to cost 2.7bn naira and to cover 500 meters of road. Competing pressures for government attention however demands that the State government’s road infrastructural policy be interrogated vis-a-vis general objectives of public policy, so that the decision could be objectively appreciated or condemned. The purpose of this paper is to appraise the infrastructure development policy of Osun State government for the period 2020 to 2022 with a view to determining its road infrastructure development priority. The study relied on quantitative method of data gathering to identify the policy of Osun State Government on road infrastructure development in the period of study, and to identify the policy impact. The study shows that the policy of Osun state Government on road infrastructure development in the period of study was to maintain existing roads, rebuild bad roads, and expand the road network. The findings reveal that the outcome of this policy is to improve transportation system and that in spite of the strident criticism of the decision to construct an expensive fly over bridge over a distance of 500 meters, the subject under study made an impact on members of the public such that the project became an “important” city possession. The study concluded that, for public policy analysis, there is the need to conduct reliable verification of policy impact through the affected population in the assessment of public policies.

DOI 10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13
Published in Journal of Public Policy and Administration (Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2023)
Page(s) 141-146
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Policy, Policy Outcome, Policy Impact, Government

References
[1] Abdurraheem Olaiya (2021) Osun State Govt. To Construct Bridge with N3.1 Billion. Intel Region publication. www.intelregion.com>news.
[2] Adedotun S. B et al (2016) Assessment of Road transport System in Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. https://www.researchgate.net
[3] Anderson, J. E. (1997) Public Policy-Making: An Introduction 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
[4] Adesina, S. (1999). “What is Public Policy” in Anifowose, R. and Enemuo, F. (eds). Malthouse Press Lagos.
[5] Ayebe, A. (2018) An Overview of Approaches to the Study of Public Policy: International Journal of Political Science (IJPS) Vol 4, Issue 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2454-9452.0401002 www.arcjounrnals.org
[6] Bamisaye, O. A. (2010). Foundation of Public Policy Analysis. Hamlet O C Publishing Venture, Osogbo.
[7] Chandler, R. C., & Plano, J. C. (1988). The Public Administration Dictionary. England. ABC-CLIO.
[8] David, W. (2021). What is Public Policy? Lesson Transcript Instruction paper. Available at https://study.com>academy>lesson
[9] Dye, T. R. (1976). Policy Analysis, What Governments Do, Why they Do it, and What Difference it Makes. University of Alabama Press.
[10] Geraint P (1964) Political Elite. University of Oxford, UK.
[11] Ghulam Mustafa et al (2021) Theoretical Approach to study the public policy: An Analysis of the cyclic/ Stage Heuristic model. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354681898
[12] Ikelegbe, A. O. (1996). Public Policy Making and Analysis. (2nd ed). Uri Pub, Benin City. Nigeria.
[13] Infrastructure Sector 2020 – 2022 Medium-Term Sector Strategy (MTSS). Osun 2019.
[14] Lateef Ibrahim (2021) Missed Reaction trail Oyetola’s flyover project. Blue print publication. www.blueprint.ng
[15] Osogbo State of Osun Official Websiteosunstate.gov.ng. www.osunstate.gov.ng 2022.
[16] Osun - Osogbo Sacred Grove UNESCO (2022) https://whc.unesco.org
[17] Oxford Dictionary of Current English (3rd edition). Oxford University Press.
[18] Schumann, A. (2016). Unsing Outcome Indicators to Improve Policies: Methods, Design Strategies and Implementation. OECD Regional Developing Working Paper (OECD) Available at https://www.oecd-library.org>usin
[19] Simon, Christopher A. (2016) Policy Analysis. Encyclopaedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/policy-analysis. Accessed 10 August 2023.S
[20] Six, Perri (2014). Explaining Unintended and Unexpected Consequences of Policy Decisions: Comparing Three British Governments, 1959 -1974. In Public Administration, Volume 92, Issue 3, Pages 673–691. Available at onlinelibrary.wiley.com
[21] Taiwo, O. et al (2014) 10th International Conference of The African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment at: University of Johannesburg, South Africa www.researchgate.net
[22] Ujo A. A (1994) Development Administration in Nigeria, Kaduna: Joyce Graphic Printer.
[23] Webmaster (2021). Olaiya Flyover Project Iconic -Gov Oyetola. City Mirror News. www.citymirrornews.com
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  • APA Style

    Omolola Omotayo Towobola. (2023). Policy Outcome and Policy Impact: An Appraisal of Government’s Road Infrastructure Development Policy in Osun State, Nigeria (2020 – 2022). Journal of Public Policy and Administration, 7(3), 141-146. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13

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    Omolola Omotayo Towobola. Policy Outcome and Policy Impact: An Appraisal of Government’s Road Infrastructure Development Policy in Osun State, Nigeria (2020 – 2022). J. Public Policy Adm. 2023, 7(3), 141-146. doi: 10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13

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    AMA Style

    Omolola Omotayo Towobola. Policy Outcome and Policy Impact: An Appraisal of Government’s Road Infrastructure Development Policy in Osun State, Nigeria (2020 – 2022). J Public Policy Adm. 2023;7(3):141-146. doi: 10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13,
      author = {Omolola Omotayo Towobola},
      title = {Policy Outcome and Policy Impact: An Appraisal of Government’s Road Infrastructure Development Policy in Osun State, Nigeria (2020 – 2022)},
      journal = {Journal of Public Policy and Administration},
      volume = {7},
      number = {3},
      pages = {141-146},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jppa.20230703.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jppa.20230703.13},
      abstract = {The standard expectation of citizens is that their governments will make on their behalf, rational choices that will serve the purpose of government. In politics, voters and governments are expected to make choices that will in the minimum, satisfy their best interest. In this regard, when voters elect a government, such governments seek to have broad policies on issues of public interest in order to guide prioritisation of government programmes, since interests of voters are diverse. The decision of the Osun State government to construct a flyover bridge in Osogbo the state capital in 2021, generated strong criticisms immediately it was announced. The flyover bridge was to cost 2.7bn naira and to cover 500 meters of road. Competing pressures for government attention however demands that the State government’s road infrastructural policy be interrogated vis-a-vis general objectives of public policy, so that the decision could be objectively appreciated or condemned. The purpose of this paper is to appraise the infrastructure development policy of Osun State government for the period 2020 to 2022 with a view to determining its road infrastructure development priority. The study relied on quantitative method of data gathering to identify the policy of Osun State Government on road infrastructure development in the period of study, and to identify the policy impact. The study shows that the policy of Osun state Government on road infrastructure development in the period of study was to maintain existing roads, rebuild bad roads, and expand the road network. The findings reveal that the outcome of this policy is to improve transportation system and that in spite of the strident criticism of the decision to construct an expensive fly over bridge over a distance of 500 meters, the subject under study made an impact on members of the public such that the project became an “important” city possession. The study concluded that, for public policy analysis, there is the need to conduct reliable verification of policy impact through the affected population in the assessment of public policies.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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Author Information
  • Department of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

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